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In the age group of 44-60 years, 47% of men and 66% of women rated their own health as "good" (p<0.05). A feature of the self-assessment of health of the respondents of this age group was higher levels of subjective assessment of health in women compared to men: about 2% of women subjectively assessed their own health as "excellent"; the proportion of women who rated their health as "mediocre" was two times less compared to men (32% versus 17%; p<0.05). In the group of older people (over 61 years of age), gender characteristics of the distribution of self-assessment of health by respondents were also established. Thus, half of the men surveyed rated their own health as “good”, which was three times more than women (53% versus 18%, p<0.01). In women, on the contrary, the share of those who rated their own health as “mediocre” was 17% higher. Almost every fifth woman of this age considers her own health to be “bad”, while not a single man gave such an assessment. High health scores (“excellent” and “very good”) were absent for both men and women.

Primary arterial hypertension (AH) or essential hypertension (AH) remains one of the most common cardiovascular diseases. A prolonged and persistent increase in blood pressure (BP) leads to damage to target organs, contributing to the development of severe cardiovascular complications (cerebral stroke, myocardial infarction, life-threatening arrhythmias and heart failure), kidney damage (renal failure) and vision and causes high mortality and disability of the working-age population. Annually in the world hypertension is the cause of death of more than 10 million people. In Ukraine, more than 12.6 million people are registered with this disease, or more than 35% of the population. But, among people with high blood pressure (BP), only 52% of patients know about the presence of the disease, less than a third of them are treated, and no more than 15% of patients are effectively treated.

Реагирование на такие эпидемические вызовы очень сложны как организационно, так и финансово. Результат оценивается с течением времени при хорошо организованном эпидемиологическом надзоре. Согласно утвержденному плану реагирования на вспышку полиомиелита, возникшему в начале октября 2021 г., удалось только 1 февраля 2022 г. начать 1-й тур кампании. Он должен был длиться 3 недели и имел целью вакцинировать ИПВ 140 тыс. детей в возрасте от 6 мес. до 6 лет, пропустивших вакцинацию согласно Календарю. Практически к концу 3-й недели 1-го тура по состоянию на 18.02.2022 г. было провакцинировано лишь 28% детей от запланированного количества. Поэтому решили продлить 1-й тур еще дополнительно на 2 недели, что снова не было исполнено в связи с началом войны. Таким образом, фактически реагирования на вспышки полиомиелита не произошло.